A skin disorder characterised by the localised loss of melanocytes with partial loss of skin pigment. The depigmented areas which appear most commonly on the hands, face, genital region are flat and pale surrounded by normal pigmentation.
NB; Vitiligo affects all ages and races but most noticeable in dark skinned people. The cause is unknown but may be an autoimmune process since autoantibodies to melanocytes have been identified and vitiligo often occurs with autoimmune diseases.
Oral and topical synthetic trioxisalen and natural psoralen, methoxisalen are used with exposure to long wave ultra violet light but the efficacy is doubtful.
Vitiliginous area should be protected from sunburn by applying a 5% aminobenzoic acid cream/ gel to the affected area.
- Capitis vitiligo: Vitiligo of the scalp with depigmentation of the hairs of the affected area.
- Perineric vitiligo and this type surrounds the nevus.
- Since vitiligo brings about isolation hence low self esteem, couseling is so crucial in the care plan.
- Caregivers should always provide legit information about the disease to both the victims and their families.
- Caregivers should always advise victims to conceal the affected areas.
Vitiligo has no cure but the following diet can be of help if taken into consideration:
- Leafy greens.
- Figs and dates. While the following is not advised to be consumed by vitiligo victims:
- Wheat products and curds. Because vitamin C inhibits the formation of pigments and proteins play a role in the autoimmune release hence vitiligo.