Cancer is a malignant neoplasia marked by the uncontrolled growth of cells often with invasion of healthy tissues locally or throughout the body. Cancer cells have several reproductive advantages over normal cells. They can make proteins that stimulate their own growth or new blood vessels to bring them nourishment. In the same way, they can also produce enzymes that prevent their chromosomes from aging.

Usually as cancer cells proliferate, they become increasingly abnormal and require more metabolic output from the body for their growth and development. Damage caused by their invasion of healthy tissues, results into organ malfunction, pain and often death. Cancers just like any other disease has also got signs and symptoms which include the following;

  • Pain
  • Malnutrition
  • Body weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Bone fractures
  • Stroke-like syndrome
  • Thickening/ mass in some body parts
  • Indigestion.


Specific treatments are being used depending on the type, stage and location of cancer cells plus the general health of the patient. Below are some of the treatments used;

  1. Chemotherapy
  2. Hormone therapy
  3. Surgery
  4. Radiotherapy
  5. Immunotherapy.

Therefore, as caregivers to all kinds of patients including those suffering from cancers, we would encourage each one of us to consider the following as the best ways to living a cancer free life;

  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Say no to smoking
  • Get regular screenings
  • Consider immunisation
  • Make time for exercises atleast 30 minutes.

NB: Hiring care coordinators forexample professional health caregivers is one of the best options to consider in life because they play a vital role in informing, educating and communicating.

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